Random roadside drug testing will come into force from next year, following the passing of the Land Transport (Drug Driving) Amendment legislation, Transport Minister, Michael Wood and Police Minister, Poto Williams announced today.
“Our Government is committed to reducing the serious harm that comes from driving under the influence of drugs. In both 2020 and 2019, over 100 people were killed in crashes where a driver was found to have had drugs in their system. This legislation directly addresses these preventable crashes, and will lead to safer roads for all,” Minister Wood said.
“Improving safety and saving lives on our roads is at the heart of this legislation. Drug-impaired driving accounts for nearly a third of all road deaths. These are preventable tragedies – improving our approach for detecting and deterring drug driving will go a long way towards minimising the devastating heartbreak for whānau across New Zealand.
“This is just one action we are taking as a part of our Government’s Road to Zero strategy to save the lives of people on our roads. We want to see zero road deaths and serious injuries by 2050, and this legislation is a step in the right direction.”
He said the legislation had been carefully developed based on the best scientific evidence available.
“And we thank the expert panel led by Dr Helen Poulsen who provided technical advice on the thresholds for both infringement and criminal offences. We also acknowledge that this is a new area of enforcement activity and it is important to monitor its rollout carefully. As such, we agreed during the parliamentary process to a formal review of the drug driving regime after three years of operation,” Mr Wood said.
The rollout of roadside testing is set to begin in early 2023, and will be similar to the approach to alcohol breath testing. Over the next 12 months, Te Manatū Waka Ministry of Transport, New Zealand Police, and Waka Kotahi will be working together to implement the new roadside drug testing regime.
“It is time we stopped accepting that a certain amount of death and serious injury is just the price we all pay for moving around. By targeting this high-risk behaviour, we can reduce the trauma caused by drug-impaired driving. Police have the important job of keeping Kiwis safe on our roads and this legislation provides them with better tools for drug driving enforcement,” Minister Williams said.
“Random roadside oral fluid testing can detect the most common impairing drugs used by New Zealand drivers, including THC (the psycho-active ingredient in cannabis), methamphetamine, benzodiazepines (sedatives), MDMA (ecstasy), opioids, and cocaine. The regime also establishes new blood criminal limits and infringement thresholds for 25 impairing drugs.
“We are taking an important step to stop unnecessary road trauma. This legislation complements other Road to Zero action, which includes investing $1.2 billion for road policing over the next three years. Driving under the influence of drugs is a major safety issue on our roads, and this legislation shows that our Government is doing something about it,” she said.