Friday, July 19, 2024

Drone footage reveals possum impact on ancient forest

Newly released drone photography shows the impact of possums on a section of ancient forest in northern Coromandel, and also the value of predator control and restoring forest habitat.

The images were obtained as part of work undertaken by staff from the Department of Conservation’s (DOC) Coromandel district, as they carried out seed collection tasks in summer as part of efforts to stop the spread of the tree disease myrtle rust and safeguard genetic seed stock for the species.

Myrtle rust has the potential to weaken and eventually kill some native New Zealand tree species such as pōhutukawa, manuka and rātā.

The drone images show sections of forest canopy in the Papakai block of the Coromandel Forest Park, which straddles the spine of the Coromandel ranges.

DOC’s Coromandel Operations Manager, Nick Kelly says the images show the stark contrast between an area where there has been more than 25 years of predator control effort, and an adjacent section of land where predator control has only been undertaken twice in the last decade.

Photo: courtesy DOC

“The tops of the rātā trees in the two images are where the difference is really evident,” he says.

“In the area where we’ve had long-term predator control (above), you can see the distinctive red-brown colour of the rātā trees flowering — they’re good healthy trees, with plenty of leaf coverage and no signs of the damage possums cause.

“But in the other image (below), several dead rātā are clearly visible — over time, they’ve been stripped of leaves by possums and that’s led to the trees dying.

Photo: courtesy DOC.

“Those dead specimens really stick out, and they’re a trigger for what we term a ‘top-down collapse’ of the forest eco-system.”

As larger trees die off due to the impact of possums, it compromises wider biodiversity and forest health, with birdlife, insects and other native wildlife affected.

Mr Kelly says the damage done by possums isn’t always visible to visitors enjoying the forest.

“You can wander through the forest and not necessarily see the impact of these introduced pests. What the drone imagery shows us is what people do not see when they’re out for a walk or a tramp.”

He said DOC’s predator control efforts were essential to protect New Zealand’s native species, as introduced pests like possums, stoats and rats eat native plants, insects, birds and eggs.

The Coromandel forest being protected is home to important native species such as Archey’s frogs, Coromandel striped gecko and Coromandel brown kiwi.

It’s also believed the area has woodrose/pua o te reinga (Dactylanthus taylorii), an extremely rare and threatened parasitic, fungi-like plant which is pollinated by long-tailed bats/pekapeka but destroyed by rats and possums.

The predator control operations target both rats and possums (and will also decrease stoat numbers) to help protect the rare fauna and forest trees. Reduced possum browsing also results in more food for birds.

Residents can also help by contributing to local conservation and environment groups involved in community-driven predator control and replanting exercises, as well as following advice about invasive tree diseases such as myrtle rust and kauri dieback.

DOC is currently consulting with iwi, landowners and stakeholders for a Tiakina Ngā Manu predator control operation recommended for later this year.

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