Manta rays – the gentle giants of New Zealand’s seas – are making increasing appearances this summer as the Department of Conservation (DOC) and Manta Watch NZ urge people to report sightings of the rare, huge fish.
From December 2021 to January 2022, Manta Watch NZ received 99 reported manta ray sightings, concentrated in the Bay of Islands, the Hauraki Gulf, Mercury Island, the Alderman Islands and the Bay of Plenty.
DOC Marine Technical Advisor, Clinton Duffy said any sightings of manta rays contribute to research efforts and build long-term sightings data records.
“There is a significant population of oceanic manta rays near Aotearoa that we are still trying to understand, but their highly elusive nature means they can often go unnoticed,” he said.
“Not many people know we have manta rays around our coastlines and it’s important people understand what to do if they spot one.
“Reported sightings of manta rays can help in our efforts to monitor and assist in the conservation of these creatures.”
Manta Watch NZ (MWNZ) Director, Lydia Green said that over the past four years, a lot of effort had gone into raising awareness about Aotearoa’s manta rays.
Citizen science submissions directly contribute to research as well as help focus dedicated survey efforts, she said.
“Historically we’ve had sightings from September through to June, however ocean goers are most likely to see manta rays in summer, from December to February. During this time mantas spend a lot of time on the surface actively feeding on krill swarms, making them a lot easier to spot.”
“Every manta has a unique spot pattern on its belly, much like a human’s fingerprint, and cataloguing these ID images enables MWNZ researchers to build population estimates and track individuals over time.
“If you spot a manta ray, take a photo and/or video. Even better if you can get a shot of their belly region. Researchers can learn so much more from images and videos, so trying to record your manta ray encounter is a massive help. And record additional key info including, date, time and GPS position of your sighting,” said Ms Green.
Oceanic manta rays can reach seven metres across and weigh 2,000kg. Known for their curious nature, the highly intelligent creatures have worldwide distribution, inhabiting both tropical and temperate waters. Aotearoa is the most southern part of the species’ range.
Giant manta rays have a very conservative life history and are slow growing, reach sexual maturity in their teens and have a low birthing rate of only one pup every other year or so. This means they have low resilience to fishing pressure. They are also protected under the Wildlife Act 1953. It is illegal to hunt, kill or harm manta rays within New Zealand’s national waters.
If you see a giant manta ray or devil ray, report it to DOC by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org.